||Subdivision recorded in
Cadastre and Land Registry.
||Owner sells a parcel of his
unit of real estate.
||The transfer of ownership
of a whole unit of property means only a change of title registration and
is carried out between the owner and the Land Registry directly.
|Active: Buyer, cadastral
authority, cadastral surveyor, land registry, owner.
Passive: Holders of rights in the unit, municipality,
mortgagers, neighbours, notary, other local authorities.
The owner and the buyer make a contract of sale (purchase
deed), which they agree upon and sign.
The appointed notary checks and verifies the contract
of sale (identification of the owner and payer, the deed is valid and signed,
The buyer pays the transaction tax to the government.
The buyer (or the owner) forwards the request for the
change of title registration of the sold parcel to the Land Registry.
The Land Registry checks that the seller is entitled
and approves the case (records the new ownership-title).
||The Land Registry sends the
approval to the cadastral authority.
The approval of the Land Registry comes to the cadastral
authority that checks, accepts and registers it (identification, date).
The cadastral authority appoints a cadastral surveyor
to carry out the process of subdivision.
The cadastral surveyor informs the buyer that he has
been appointed to prepare the case.
The cadastral surveyor collects and investigates the
data on the boundaries, easements, etc.
The cadastral surveyor calls the interested parties
(actors) to a meeting where the following
issues are addressed:
If the parcel is intended as a building site, the cadastral
surveyor examines that it is suitable for constructions and that the intended
use of the site is in accordance with the local plan.
If, according to the local plan, the parcel is located
in a preservation or recreation area, the surveyor checks that the subdivision
will not hinder plan implementation.
Boundaries and lots established and measured; boundaries
marked. It may be necessary to establish also existing boundary points,
if they are not visible.
Property rights (easements, ideal parts of common property,
etc) interfering with the subdivision acknowledged/ settled/ restated.
Statement on allocation of easements and encumbrances
among to new and old parcels completed (use rights of different kind, clearing
of new parcels of mortgages in the original property).
The cadastral surveyor prepares a detailed report (minutes
and a cadastral map of the parcel) on the subdivision procedure (boundaries
and lots established, boundary points measured and defined in the national
co-ordinate system, agreements made, and easements established).
The cadastral surveyor gives information on where to
appeal. If an actor is dissatisfied with the decisions of the cadastral
surveyor he/she has the right to appeal to the Land Court.
The cadastral surveyor sends the documents to the cadastral
authority after the appeal period.
The cadastral authority updates the cadastral database
(JAKO) and also sends the relevant data to the Land Registry.
Documents (cadastral map of parcel and report) delivered
to the owner.
The Land Registry updates the land register (registration
of new real estate).
Fee to the cadastral surveyor paid.